Family Development

Journal Articles for Parenting

We invite you to take a look at our list of journal articles. We have provided articles on the topic of parenting and how it effects and connects to the unique needs and situations of military children, couples, and families. Each title is linked to a webpage that has more information on how to obtain this literature. Feel free to contact us if you have others to recommend so we can add to our growing list.


Blanchard, S. (2012). Are the needs of single parents serving in the Air Force being met? Advances in Social Work, 13(1), 83-97
The military has taken extraordinary steps in establishing programs to support not only the member serving but their families as well. This article will examine military policy as it impacts single parents serving in the Air Force, highlighting existing programs, and calling for more research on this valuable population.

Castillo, J., Welch, G., & Sarver, C. (2011). Fathering: The relationship between fathers’ residence, fathers’ sociodemographic characteristics, and father involvement. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 15(8), 1342-1349.
Literature and research examining father involvement have focused primarily on outcomes associated with the well-being and development of children. The contextual factors associated with fathers, and how these factors shape fathers’ involvement with their young children, have received limited attention in this literature. Addressing this limitation, this study focuses on the relationship between fathers’ residential status, age, race and ethnicity, educational attainment, financial status and father involvement.

Eggebeen, D. J., C. Knoester (2001), “Does Fatherhood Matter for Men?” Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 63, No. 2, pp. 381-393.
Ignored in the flurry of new research on fathers is that fatherhood may have consequences for men. This article explores possible effects on the lives and well-being of men for a range of fatherhood experiences. Data are drawn from the National Survey of Families and Households. The first part of this article examines whether men’s varied associations with children (no children, coresident, non-coresident, and stepfatherhood) are associated with men’s psychological health and behavior, social connections, intergenerational family relations, and work behavior.

Goodman, P., Turner, A., Agazio, J., Throop, M., Padden, D., Greiner, S., & Hillier, S. (2013). Deployment of military mothers: Supportive and non-supportive military programs, processes and policies. Military Medicine, 178(7), 729-734.
Military mothers and their children cope with unique issues when mothers are deployed. In this article, we present mothers’ perspectives on how military resources affected them, their children, and their caregivers during deployment. Mothers described beneficial features of military programs such as family readiness groups and behavioral health care, processes such as unit support, and policies on length and timing of deployments. Aspects that were not supportive included inflexibility in family care plans, using personal leave time and funds for transporting children, denial of release to resolve caretaker issues, and limited time for réintégration. We offer recommendations for enhanced support to these families that the military could provide.

Huerta, M., Adema, W, Baxter, J, Han, W., Lausten, M., Lee, R., Waldfogel, J. (2013), ”Fathers’ Leave, Fathers’ Involvement and Child Development: Are They Related? Evidence from Four OECD Countries”, OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 140, OECD Publishing.
Previous research has shown that fathers taking some time off work around childbirth, especially periods of leave of 2 or more weeks, are more likely to be involved in childcare related activities than fathers who do not do so. Furthermore, evidence suggests that children with fathers who are ‘more involved’ perform better during the early years than their peers with less involved fathers. This paper analyses data of four OECD countries — Australia; Denmark; United Kingdom; United States — to describe how leave policies may influence father’s behaviors when children are young and whether their involvement translates into positive child cognitive and behavioral outcomes.

Jeynes, W.H. (2011). Parental involvement and academic success. New York, NY: Routledge.
Providing an objective assessment of the influence of parental involvement and what aspects of parental participation can best maximize the educational outcomes of students, this volume is structured to guide readers to a thorough understanding of the history, practice, theories, and impact of parental involvement. Cutting-edge research and meta-analyses offer vital insight into how different types of students benefit from parental engagement and what types of parental involvement help the most.

Kelley, M.L. (2006). Single military parents in the new millennium. In C.A. Castro, A.B. Adler, and T.W. Britt (Eds.), Military life: The psychology of serving in peace and combat (pp. 93-103). Westport, CT: Praeger Security International
The psychological health and well-being of military personnel are important to the effectiveness of a nation’s military, the adjustment of military families, and the integration of military personnel into the larger civilian community. A careful examination of the psychological issues confronting military personnel must necessarily be broad in scope and include a range of disciplines within psychology and the social sciences to provide a comprehensive assessment of the factors that affect the performance, health, and well-being of military personnel and their families.

Moini, J.S., Zellman, G.L., & Gates, S.M. (2006). Providing childcare to Military families: The role of the demand formula in defining need and informing policy. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.

The Department of Defense (DoD) recognizes that high-quality child care for military families impacts both readiness and retention. DoD was concerned, however, that the child-care demand formula it uses may not be addressing all relevant aspects of child-care need. As such, the Office of the Secretary of Defense asked the RAND Corporation to assess the DoD formula as a tool for translating information on military families into measures of potential child-care need and to suggest ways that the tool might be improved. To perform this assessment, RAND conducted 21 focus groups on eight installations and from them developed a survey to determine parental preferences and other factors that might affect child-care need. In light of the survey results, the authors assess the validity of the DoD formula in meeting the child-care needs of military families, analyze the factors that influence key child-care outcomes, and address the broader issue of how DoD can refine its goals for military child care.

Moran, P., & Ghate, D. (2006). The effectiveness of parenting support. Children and Society, 19(4), 329-336.
This research review examines what is known about the effectiveness of parenting support, and assesses the international evaluation evidence focusing on primary and secondary prevention programmes. It outlines several factors affecting the success of parenting support interventions in terms of service implementation and delivery, as well as outcomes for children and parents. The conclusions highlight the need for more rigorous UK-based evaluations, and for further investigation of the support services for specific parenting groups such as very vulnerable families, fathers, and ethnically diverse families. The review also underlines the need for further national policies that address the broader social inequalities affecting the impact of parenting programmes.

Morris, A.S., Silk, J.S., Steinberg, L., Myers, S.S., & Robinson, L.R. (2007). The role of the family context in the development of emotion regulation. Social Development, 16(2), 361-388.
This article reviews current literature examining associations between components of the family context and children and adolescents’ emotion regulation (ER). The review is organized around a tripartite model of familial influence. Firstly, it is posited that children learn about ER through observational learning, modeling and social referencing. Secondly, parenting practices specifically related to emotion and emotion management affect ER. Thirdly, ER is affected by the emotional climate of the family via parenting style, the attachment relationship, family expressiveness and the marital relationship.

Wilson, E. (May, 2010). Single moms juggle military, home demands. American Forces Press
The active-duty military includes nearly 73,000 single parents, which equates to 5.3 percent of the total force, according to Defense Department statistics from 2008. The Army leads the way with more than 35,000 single parents, followed by the Navy with more than 16,000, and the Air Force with more than 15,000. The Marine Corps, the smallest force, has about 5,000.

van Eijnden, R. M., Spijkerman, R., Vermulst, A. A., van Rooij, T. J., & Engels, R. E. (2010). Compulsive internet use among adolescents: Bidirectional parent-child relationships. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38(1), 77-89. doi: 10.1007/s10802-009-9347-8
Although parents experience growing concerns about their children’s excessive internet use, little is known about the role parents can play to prevent their children from developing Compulsive Internet Use (CIU). The present study addresses associations between internet-specific parenting practices and CIU among adolescents, as well as the bidirectionality of these associations. Two studies were conducted: a cross-sectional study using a representative sample of 4,483 Dutch students and a longitudinal study using a self-selected sample of 510 Dutch adolescents. Results suggest that qualitatively good communication regarding internet use is a promising tool for parents to prevent their teenage children from developing CIU.