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By Rachel Brauner

Maintaining brain health and cognitive functioning is important for all individuals, but it becomes even more critical as we age. As we grow older, our brain undergoes changes that can impact our cognitive abilities, such as memory, attention, and reasoning. However, there are several strategies that we can adopt to promote brain health and maintain cognitive functioning. These include:

  1. Regular exercise: Exercise has been shown to have numerous benefits for brain health, including increasing blood flow to the brain, promoting the growth of new brain cells, and reducing inflammation. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
  2. Healthy diet: A healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can provide the nutrients that are necessary for brain health. Additionally, certain foods such as fatty fish, nuts, and berries have been shown to have specific benefits for brain health.
  3. Mental stimulation: Challenging the brain through mentally stimulating activities such as puzzles, reading, and learning a new skill can help to maintain cognitive functioning and prevent cognitive decline.
  4. Social engagement: Maintaining social connections and engaging in social activities can help to promote brain health, stimulate attention, improve memory, and prevent cognitive decline.
  5. Adequate sleep: Lack of adequate sleep can lead to confusion or distracted thinking. Sleep is crucial to brain function, concentration, emotion regulation, and cognitive functioning, so aim for 7-8 hours of sleep per night.
  6. Stress management: Chronic stress can have a negative impact on brain health and cognitive functioning, so practicing stress-reduction techniques such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing can be beneficial.
  7. Managing chronic conditions: Chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and depression can impact brain health, so it is important to recognize, seek treatment and follow directions to manage these conditions better and promote cognitive functioning.
  8. Avoiding unhealthy behaviors: Behaviors such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can lead to inflammation, lack of oxygen, and memory deficits. Curbing these behaviors can help promote better brain function.

In summary, maintaining brain health and cognitive functioning as individuals age involves adopting a healthy lifestyle, engaging in mentally stimulating activities, staying socially connected, managing stress, and managing chronic conditions. By adopting these strategies, individuals can promote brain health and maintain cognitive functioning as they age.


National Institute on Aging. (2020). Cognitive Health and Older Adults. National Institute of Health. Retrieved May 24, 2023 at